Present workshop


Third Critical Metals workshop (CM 2015)

This Workshopbe held between August 9 and 14, 2015 at the Geological Institute in Apatity, at the heart of the Kola Peninsula in northwestern Russia. It will provide a unique forum for discussion of the origin and evolution of rare metals and rare earth deposits, and related processes in igneous, hydrothermal, metamorphic and supergene environments. Keynote talks by Russian and international experts will address key current issues facing critical-metals research, exploration, mining, remediation and global supply market. Geologists, petrologists, mineralogists, geochemists, technologists and market experts are all welcome to attend, contribute to the Workshop and explore unique Kola Peninsula!

It will be held jointly with Lia Kogarko’s School on Alkaline Magmatism as an international workshop on Alkaline Magmatism of the Earth and Related Critical Metal Deposits.

The Technical Sessions will take place on the Apatity Geological Institute located within a few hours’ drive from the Khibiny apatite mines, loparite mines (and the world’s largest eudialyte reserve) at Lovozero, Kovdor magnetite-apatite-baddeleyite mine, Afrikanda magnetite-perovskite deposit, and a score of other exciting places. The workshop will be accompanied by a rich scientifically interesting program and followed by a fieldtrip (August 11 - 14, 2015) to the most geologically interesting sites and deposits of critical metals at the heart of the Kola Peninsula.

Please bookmark our website,, and visit us regularly for updates on the registration, abstract submission, fieldtrip and other information.

Any urgent queries regarding the Workshop or visa-related requests can be sent to Dr. Jindrich Kynicky (

Abstracts should be e-mailed to Prof. Anton Chakhmouradian (




Previous meeting

The First Workshop on the Critical Metals (CM2012) was held September 4-7, 2012, at Peking University in Beijing, China.

The meeting was a great success, attracting many distinguished speakers from China and abroad (USA, UK, Germany, Canada, Japan, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Russia) and delegates from as far away as Brazil. The topics discussed ranged from the geology and evolution of Bayan Obo and other deposits, to regional metallogeny, to method development, to market considerations. The Workshop was followed by a fieldtrip to Xi’an and Mo deposits in central China.


The Second Workshop on the Critical Metals (CM2012) was held on July 3-5 2013, in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

Workshop Program (see the pdf version of program and guidebook for details)

Second International Workshop Mongolia - finalized program


July 3, 2013 (Wednesday)

Arrival and registration. On‐site registration will take place in Building 2 of

the MUST (34 Baga Toiruu), starting at 3:00 pm

4:00‐5:00 pm Tour of the Museum of Geology and Natural Resources

Guide: Professor J. Lkhamsuren, DSc, Museum Director

6:00 pm Icebreaker at Black Pearl (this restaurant is located just down the road

from the Ulaanbaatar Hotel on Baga Toirog, see no. 5 on the city map)


July 4, 2013 (Thursday)

Conference Hall, Mongolian University of Science and Technology (MUST)

8:30‐8:40 am Welcome message from Professor B. Ochirbat, Vice‐rector of MUST

8:40‐9:00 am B. Baatartsogt and D. Altankhuyag

Mineral resource policy in Mongolia

9:00‐9:30 am Keynote talk: Ochir Gerel* and B. Munkhtsengel

Alkaline magmatism and related mineralization in Mongolia (p.8)

9:30‐10:00 Anton Chakhmouradian*, E. Reguir, A. Zaitsev

Rare-earth enrichment processes in igneous systems: An overview (p. 9‐10)

10:00‐10:20 Jindrich Kynicky*, O. Gerel, U. Kempe, M. Vašinová Galiová, V. Králová,

M. Smith, C. Xu

The diversity of rare-earth element (REE) deposits (p. 11)

10:20‐10:40 Refreshment break

10:40‐11:00 Baatar Munkhtsengel*, O. Gerel, S. Iizumi, D. Batbold

Petrology of the REE-bearing Lugiin Gol nepheline syenite complex (p. 12)

11:00‐11:20 Ekaterina Reguir*, A. Chakhmouradian, V.S. Kamenetsky, B.M. Osovetskii,

I.V. Veksler, P. Yang, A. Camacho

Perovskite: An important petrogenetic and exploration indicator  (p. 13)

11:20‐11:40 Veronika Králová* and J. Kynicky

Application of integrated mineral analysis (p.14)

11:40‐12:00 Shaun Spelliscy*

Claim staking: The first step to wealth and riches in Canada (p. 15‐16)

12:00‐12:20 Tamiraa Altangerel*

Rare earth deposits in Mongolia (p. 17)

12:20‐2:00 pm Lunch break

2:00‐2:20 Martin Ondrejka*, I. Broska, P. Uher, M. Kohút, M. Putiš, P. Konečný

Accomodation of S and As by primary magmatic monazite... (p. 18)

2:20‐2:40 Wei Zhang*, C.R.M. McFarlane, D.R. Lentz, K.G. Thorne

Comparing and contrasting WMo mineralization... (p. 19)

2:40‐3:00 Ochir Gerel*

Large Porphyrytype Deposits in Mongolia  (p. 20)

3:00‐3:20 Jindrich Kynicky*, A. Chakhmouradian, C. Xu, M. Brtnicky, M. Vašinová

Galiová, V. Králová

Evolution of rareearth mineralized carbonatites at Lugiin Gol  (p. 21)

3:20‐3:40 Sven Hönig*, R. Škoda, R. Čopjaková, J. Leichmann, M. Novák

Garnet, a major yttrium and heavy rare earth carrier... (p. 22)

3:40‐4:00 Refreshment break

4:00‐4:20 Lin Ye*, T. Bao, L. Li, Y. Yang

The patterns of indium distribution in sphalerite  (p. 23)

4:20‐4:40 Dagva Batbold*

Mineralogy of carbonatite from the Lugiin Gol alkaline pluton... (p. 24)

4:40‐5:00 S. Amar‐Amgalan and Dash Bat‐Ulzii*

Alkaline granites geochemical studies of the Khanbogd pluton (p. 25)

5:00‐5:20 Mihoko Hoshino*, Y. Watanabe, M. Tsunematsu

A new type of REE-bearing deposit  (p. 26)

5:20‐5:40 Simon Blancher* and I. Duhamel‐Achin

The Mabounié carbonatite (Gabon)  (p. 27)

5:40‐6:00 S. Oyunbat*

Geology and mineralization at the Ulaan Del ZrNbREE occurrence (p. 28)


July 5, 2013 (Friday)

Geological excursion to Gorkhi Terelj Park

9:00 am Departure (pick up at your hotel)

7:00 pm Dinner at Mongol Shiltgeen (Hotel Mongolia); return to UB City



Fieldtrip Program


July 6, 2013 (Saturday)

8:45 am Arrival in the Oyu Tolgoi mine camp (550 km, see map on p. 5)

9:30 Safety briefing; introduction to the Oyu Tolgoi project

9:50 Oyu Tolgoi site tour, part I (main lookout hill, open pit lookout,

concentrator, core shack)

1:00 pm Lunch in the Conference Center

2:00 Khanbogd complex (alkaline granites and pegmatites)

6:30 Arrival to the Big Ger Oyu Tolgoi visitor camp, check‐in and dinner

Overnight accommodation in the Big Ger camp


July 7, 2013 (Sunday)

6:30 am Breakfast

7:30 Trip to the Lugiin Gol by car (180 km)

Lugiin Gol REE deposit (syenites, carbonatites, REE ores)

Overnight accommodation in the Lugiin Gol Reo camp


July 8, 2013 (Monday)

7:30 am Trip to Ulgii Khiid by car (100 km)

Ulgii Khiid complex (syenites and carbonatites)

6:00 pm Arrival to the Big Ger camp, dinner

Overnight accommodation in the Big Ger camp


July 9, 2013 (Tuesday)

6:45 am Breakfast at the Big Ger

7:30 Check‐out and departure for the Oyu Tolgoi airport

9:15 Return flight to Ulaanbaatar


Important dates

03 July – Registration and Icebreaker party at Chingis restaurant

04 July 05 July – Presentations

06 July – 10 July A Fieldtrip into the Heart of the Gobi Desert: Rare Metals, Porphyries

and Peralkaline Granites



Registration fee

Field trip